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Demo SCOM Script Template


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I thought I’d take a moment to publish my SCOM script template.

Whenever I am writing a SCOM script for monitoring, discovery, or automation, there are some “standards” that I want in all my scripts.

 

1.  I personally feel that all script running in SCOM should at the MINIMUM log at script starting event, and a script completed event with runtime in seconds.  This helps anyone evaluating the server, or agent, just how many scripts are running and on what kind of frequency.

2.  I like to log “who” the script is executed by (what account, whether RunAs or default agent action account.

3.  I like to have an examples section for manually assigning script variables, which is very handy when testing/troubleshooting.

4.  I assign a ScriptName and EventID variables in the script, for consistency when logging events.

5.  I load examples for discovery scripts, propertybags for monitoring scripts, and just remove what isn’t needed.  I find this easier and more consistent than going and grabbing an example from some other script I wrote previously.

6.  I have a section on connecting to the SCOM SDK, for scripts that will run automation on the SCOM management server.  I found this method to be the most reliable, as there are scenarios where commandlets just stop working under the MonitoringHost.exe process.

 

I don’t have a lot of “fluff” in here…. I never like it when I have to page down 3 or 4 pages to get to what a script is actually doing…. this is mostly just the meat and potatoes.

 

#================================================================================= # Describe Script Here # # Author: Kevin Holman # v1.2 #================================================================================= param($SourceId, $ManagedEntityId, $ComputerName, $Param1, $Param2) # Manual Testing section - put stuff here for manually testing script - typically parameters: #================================================================================= # $SourceId = '{00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000}' # $ManagedEntityId = '{00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000}' # $ComputerName = "computername.domain.com" # $Param1 = "foo" # $Param2 = "bar" #================================================================================= # Constants section - modify stuff here: #================================================================================= # Assign script name variable for use in event logging. # ScriptName should be the same as the ID of the module that the script is contained in $ScriptName = "CompanyID.AppName.Workflow.RuleMonitorDiscoveryDSWA.ps1" $EventID = "1234" #================================================================================= # Starting Script section - All scripts get this #================================================================================= # Gather the start time of the script $StartTime = Get-Date #Set variable to be used in logging events $whoami = whoami # Load MOMScript API $momapi = New-Object -comObject MOM.ScriptAPI #Log script event that we are starting task $momapi.LogScriptEvent($ScriptName,$EventID,0,"`n Script is starting. `n Running as ($whoami).") #================================================================================= # Discovery Script section - Discovery scripts get this #================================================================================= # Load SCOM Discovery module $DiscoveryData = $momapi.CreateDiscoveryData(0, $SourceId, $ManagedEntityId) #================================================================================= # PropertyBag Script section - Monitoring scripts get this #================================================================================= # Load SCOM PropertyBag function $bag = $momapi.CreatePropertyBag() #================================================================================= # Connect to local SCOM Management Group Section - If required #================================================================================= # I have found this to be the most reliable method to load SCOM modules for scripts running on Management Servers # Clear any previous errors $Error.Clear() # Import the OperationsManager module and connect to the management group $SCOMPowerShellKey = "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\System Center Operations Manager\12\Setup\Powershell\V2" $SCOMModulePath = Join-Path (Get-ItemProperty $SCOMPowerShellKey).InstallDirectory "OperationsManager" Import-module $SCOMModulePath New-DefaultManagementGroupConnection "localhost" IF ($Error) { $momapi.LogScriptEvent($ScriptName,$EventID,1,"`n FATAL ERROR: Unable to load OperationsManager module or unable to connect to Management Server. `n Terminating script. `n Error is: ($Error).") EXIT } #================================================================================= # Begin MAIN script section #================================================================================= #Put your stuff in here #================================================================================= # End MAIN script section # Discovery Script section - Discovery scripts get this #================================================================================= # Example discovery of a class with properties $instance = $DiscoveryData.CreateClassInstance("$MPElement[Name='Your.Custom.Class']$") $instance.AddProperty("$MPElement[Name='Windows!Microsoft.Windows.Computer']/PrincipalName$", $ComputerName) $instance.AddProperty("$MPElement[Name='System!System.Entity']/DisplayName$", $ComputerName) $instance.AddProperty("$MPElement[Name='Your.Custom.Class']/Property1$", $Param1) $instance.AddProperty("$MPElement[Name='Your.Custom.Class']/Property2$", $Param2) $DiscoveryData.AddInstance($instance) # Return Discovery Items Normally $DiscoveryData # Return Discovery Bag to the command line for testing (does not work from ISE) # $momapi.Return($DiscoveryData) #================================================================================= # PropertyBag Script section - Monitoring scripts get this #================================================================================= # Output a fixed Result = BAD for a monitor example $bag.AddValue("Result","BAD") # Output other data from script into bag $bag.AddValue("Param1",$Param1) $bag.AddValue("Param2",$Param2) # Return all bags $bag #================================================================================= # End of script section #================================================================================= #Log an event for script ending and total execution time. $EndTime = Get-Date $ScriptTime = ($EndTime - $StartTime).TotalSeconds $momapi.LogScriptEvent($ScriptName,$EventID,0,"`n Script Completed. `n Script Runtime: ($ScriptTime) seconds.") #================================================================================= # End of script

 

Do you have stuff you like to place in every script?  If so – let me know in the comments!

3 Comments

    • Kevin Holman

      It is fantastic. But you still need a good script template to develop your powershell script on. The SquaredUp adds simple to use powershell script capability in the SCOM console for rules, monitors, tasks, etc.

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